Bookkeeper vs Accountant: What’s the Difference in Australia?

Bookkeeper and accountant looking at a computer

As an accountant with over 10 years of experience, I’ve frequently encountered confusion about the roles of bookkeepers and accountants and whether they are different in Australia.

Simply put, bookkeepers manage the day-to-day financial transactions, while accountants provide strategic financial advice and tax planning.

For a more detailed explanation using examples of how these two roles function within a business, read on.

Bookkeepers vs Accountants

Understanding the difference is crucial. Putting it simply, a bookkeeper is the day-to-day diary keeper, while an accountant is the advisor planning for the business’s future.


Bookkeepers Accountants
Consistent recording of financial transactions Advising on business structure and establishment
Managing payroll, invoices, and debts Tax planning, advice, and return filing
Preparation and lodgement of Business Activity Statements (BAS) Ensuring reporting and compliance
Handling Single Touch Payroll for tax and superannuation Offering financial advice to identify growth opportunities
Producing management and financial reports (balance sheets, profit and loss statements) Forecasting cash flow and budgeting
Streamlining bank reconciliations Conducting regular audits
Utilising modern cloud-based accounting software Assisting with Self Managed Super Funds (SMSF)

Similarities and Differences

Similarities Differences
Both handle financial transactions and reporting. Bookkeepers focus on recording financial data; accountants analyse this data.
They ensure accuracy in financial records. Bookkeepers are ideal for day-to-day financial tasks, while accountants provide strategic financial advice and tax-related services.
Their work supports the financial health of a business. The educational paths for these professions differ: bookkeepers typically pursue certificate or diploma courses, while accountants usually hold bachelor’s degrees and additional certifications.

Business Example

Imagine a Perth-based cafe. I’ll call it George Street Cafe.

Below are the responsibilities a bookkeeper and an accountant would have in this business.

Role Responsibility Explanation
Bookkeeper Transaction Recording Accurate logging of sales and purchases.
Payroll Management Processing payroll, calculating taxes and superannuation.
Expense Reconciliation Matching bank statements with invoices and receipts.
Financial Reporting Preparing profit and loss statements and balance sheets.
Cash Flow Management Monitoring cash flow for operational and short-term financial needs.
Vendor Payments and Relationships Managing payments and negotiations with suppliers.
Accountant Strategic Financial Analysis Reviewing records for financial trends and decision-making.
Budget Planning and Forecasting Developing budgets and financial forecasts.
Tax Strategy and Compliance Ensuring tax compliance and identifying tax-saving opportunities.
Business Advisory Services Providing advice on financial strategy and business expansion.
Risk Management Identifying and advising on financial risks.
Performance Analysis Analysing financial performance against industry benchmarks.

Educational Pathways in Australia


  • Certificate IV in Bookkeeping or Accounting: This foundational course, often available through TAFE and other registered training organisations, is a common starting point. It covers basics like managing financial records, payroll processing, and using accounting software.
  • Further Studies and Certifications: After obtaining a Certificate IV, some bookkeepers choose to further their education with a Diploma in Accounting. Additionally, becoming a registered BAS (Business Activity Statement) agent or a member of professional bodies like the Institute of Certified Bookkeepers (ICB) can enhance credibility and career prospects.
  • Practical Experience: Gaining hands-on experience through internships or entry-level positions is crucial for understanding real-world applications of bookkeeping.


  • Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting or Related Field: A three to four-year undergraduate degree is typically required. Courses cover a range of topics including financial accounting, management accounting, taxation law, and auditing.
  • Certification and Membership: After completing their degree, aspiring accountants in Australia usually pursue professional certifications such as CPA (Certified Practising Accountant) or CA (Chartered Accountant). These require passing rigorous exams and gaining relevant work experience.
  • Master’s Degree (Optional): Some accountants may choose to further specialise with a Master’s degree in fields like forensic accounting, finance, or tax law.
  • Ongoing Professional Development: To maintain their certification, accountants must engage in continuous professional development, staying abreast of the latest industry developments and regulations.


Are bookkeepers and accountants regulated differently in Australia?

In Australia, bookkeepers and accountants are indeed regulated differently. Bookkeepers typically manage day-to-day financial records and are often not required to hold any formal qualification, though many choose to be certified by professional bodies such as the Institute of Certified Bookkeepers (ICB). Accountants, on the other hand, usually hold a tertiary degree in accounting or a related field and are often members of professional bodies like CPA Australia or Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand. These professional bodies enforce standards of practice and ethical conduct, enhancing the trust and reliability in the services accountants provide.

Can a bookkeeper provide the same services as an accountant?

While there is some overlap in the services provided by bookkeepers and accountants in Australia, they are not identical. Bookkeepers typically handle the day-to-day financial transactions, such as recording income and expenses, processing payroll, and maintaining ledgers. Accountants, however, take on more complex tasks such as auditing, tax planning, and providing strategic financial advice. They can also prepare and file tax returns and financial statements, which often require a deeper understanding of accounting principles and tax laws.

How do bookkeepers and accountants contribute to business financial health?

Both bookkeepers and accountants are crucial for the financial health of a business in Australia. Bookkeepers ensure that accurate and up-to-date financial records are maintained, which is essential for effective management and compliance with legal obligations. Accountants analyse financial data, provide tax planning and compliance services, and offer strategic advice to aid in decision-making and long-term financial planning. Together, they provide a comprehensive financial management solution that can help businesses optimise their financial performance.

Is it necessary for small businesses in Australia to hire both?

Whether a small business in Australia needs both a bookkeeper and an accountant depends on the size and complexity of the business. For many small businesses, a bookkeeper may be sufficient to manage day-to-day financial transactions. However, as a business grows or when complex financial matters arise (such as audits, tax planning, or financial strategy), the services of an accountant become increasingly important. In some cases, an accountant can oversee the work of a bookkeeper, providing a more integrated financial management approach.

What are the typical costs associated with hiring a bookkeeper vs. an accountant in Australia?

The cost of hiring a bookkeeper versus an accountant in Australia can vary widely based on factors like experience, geographic location, and the specific services required. Generally, bookkeepers tend to be less expensive than accountants due to the differing levels of expertise and the complexity of the work involved. Bookkeepers might charge an hourly rate or a fixed fee for regular services, while accountants, especially those providing specialised services, may charge higher rates. It’s important for businesses to assess their financial needs and budget when considering these services.

Our business packages start from $250 per month while our bookkeeping packages start from $300 per month.

How has technology impacted the roles of bookkeepers and accountants in Australia?

Technology has significantly transformed the roles of bookkeepers and accountants in Australia. The advent of cloud-based accounting software has automated many traditional bookkeeping tasks, increasing efficiency and accuracy. This shift allows bookkeepers to focus more on analysing financial data and advising on cash flow management. For accountants, technology has facilitated more sophisticated data analysis and financial modelling, enhancing their ability to provide strategic financial advice. It has also enabled real-time financial reporting and greater collaboration with clients, making financial management more dynamic and responsive.


In my extensive career, I’ve helped numerous Perth businesses thrive by optimising processes for each of these roles. Whether you need diligent record-keeping or strategic financial planning, I am here to assist. For personalised advice, please feel free to reach out.

Mace Turco

Mace Turco

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Mace has always had a passion for business, and he loves working with clients who are driven and have ambitious business goals. His qualifications include an AIPA from the Institute of Public Accountants and a Bachelor of Commerce from The University of Western Australia for Corporate Finance and Financial Accounting. In 2020 Mace was awarded the 30under30 Award in the Business Advisory Category, a National Award hosted by Accountants Daily.